# Columnar foundation-a thil awm zat chhiar

scale lem ziah 1:

Pole type kha tarlang rawh

 type of 1 type of 2 type of 3 type of 4

Foundation pillar te dimension te chu tarlang rawh

base san zawng a ni A
Pole san zawng a ni H

A lian leh te B
A lian leh te B1
A lian leh te D
A lian leh te D1

Pole-a bars tichaktu (reinforcing bars) te ARM1

Foundation dimensions te chu tarlang rawh

vang X
Dung Y
Pole awm zat X1
Pole awm zat Y1

In chhung zawng zawng hnuaia pole awm S

Grillage dimensions te chu tarlang rawh

vang E
Sanzawng F

Reinforcement row awm zat ARM2
Rebar diameter a ni ARMD

Concrete siam dan (composition) a ni

Concrete cubic meter khatah cement siam a ni

Concrete chu a rih zawnga proportion hrang hrang
cement hmanga siam a ni : vut : rubble (rubble) a ni
: :

In sakna hmanrua man tur chu tarlang rawh

cement hmanga siam a ni (bag khatah kilogram 50 a ni)
vut (ton 1 man a ni)
rubble (rubble) a ni (ton 1 man a ni)
fittings te pawh a awm (ton 1 man a ni)

## Columnar foundation-a thil awm zat chhiar

Foundation post chi hrang hrang thlang rawh

Chungte chu pole, round emaw rectangular emaw base nei a ni thei. Tin, main part round emaw rectangular emaw nen.

Dimensions chu millimeter-ah tarlan rawh

B - a zau zawng emaw, a zau zawng emaw.
H - Taksa bulpui san zawng.

A - Column bul atanga a san zawng. Pile chu foundation nei lo a nih chuan he size hi tarlang suh.
D - Base zau zawng emaw, a zau zawng emaw.

D1 - Rectangular base atan a sei zawng.
B1 - Rectangular post atan a zau zawng.
Round section tan chuan heng dimension te hi chhiarnaah hian a tel lo.

Column lungphum dimension hrang hrang

X - Foundation zau zawng.
Y - Foundation sei zawng.

X1 - A zau zawng zawnga post awm zat, a sir lama post awm zat.
Y1 - Post sei zawng zawng, a sir lama post awm zat te.

S - Check a nih chuan in pumpui hnuaia inthlauhna inang tlanga awm pole te chu chhut a ni ang. A nih loh chuan pillar te hi foundation perimeter vel chauh a ni.

Grill dimension hrang hrang

E - Grill zau zawng a ni.
F - Grillage san zawng chu.
Monolithic grillage chhiar a ngai lo a nih chuan heng dimension te hi tarlang suh.

fittings te pawh a awm

ARM1 - Column pakhata rebar awm zat.
ARM2 - Grillage tape chhunga reinforcement row awm zat.
ARMD - Rebar diameter a ni. Millimeter-a tarlan a ni fo.
Reinforcement a ngai lo a nih chuan value te chu set rawh 0.

Concrete cubic meter khat siamna atana cement awm zat tur chu tarlang rawh. Kilogram-ah chuan.
Concrete siamna tur proportion te, a rit zawng hmanga tarlan. Heng data te hi case tin ah a danglam vek a ni.
Cement brand, lung chim lian leh te leh a sak danah an innghat a ni. Building material supplier te hnenah zawt rawh.

In sakna hmanrua man tur ruahman zat chhiar tur chuan an man tur chu tarlang rawh.

Chumi avang chuan program chuan automatic in a calculate ang:
Foundation pillar inkar hlat zawng leh an zat.
Column pakhat tan concrete volume, a chung leh a hnuai lam tan a hranin.
Grillage atana concrete awm zat.
Reinforcement mamawh zat sei zawng leh rit zawng.
Grillage nei monolithic columnar emaw pile foundation emaw dahna tur building materials senso.
Drawing-te hian ngaihtuahna tlangpui a pe ang a, pile foundation design-naah pawh a pui ang.

Bath leh basement nei lo, in bang eng leh brick in, strip foundation hman man tlawm lohna hmunah te tan chuan columnar foundation hman a ni fo thin. A chhut dan hi a hahthlak hle a, mahse kan program hmang hian chhut nan hian hun tam tak a la ngai dawn lo. I tih tur chu thupek angin field dik tak i fill up mai tur a ni a, chutah chuan sakna atana hmanraw mamawh chungchang information i dawng ang a, a zat leh a senso zawng zawng i zawng chhuak ang.

## a sawifiahna tawi te

Columnar foundation hi pillar ang mai a ni a, chu chu grillage nen an inzawm khawm a ni. Heng pillar te hi nakin lawka in sakna tur kil hrang hrangah te, chutiang bawkin bang inzawmna hmunah te, load-bearing emaw simply heavy walls, beams leh critical structures hnuaiah te an awm a ni. A bik takin phurrit tamna hmunah te. Grillage hian columnar foundation tichak turin hna a thawk a, pillar inkar ah hian reinforced bridge ang chi a nei bawk.

## Khawiah nge columnar foundation hman loh tur

Lei che leh chak lo, peat emaw leilung tuiin a saturated emaw awmna hmunah chuan columnar foundation hman a tha lo. Hetiang foundation hi a san zawng danglamna nasa tak awmna hmunah hmang suh.

## A thatna te

Columnar foundation hian thatna engemaw zat a nei a, chu chuan mimal in sakna atana solution tha ber a ni. Strip emaw slab foundation aiin a man a tlawm zawk a, in sakna hmanrua hmanna leh a sakna senso lamah pawh a man a tlawm zawk a, a tlem zawk a, ​​the foundation area zawng zawng tihtlem theihna a siam bawk.

## thil hmanrua te

Inchhung zau zawng leh chhawng engzat a zirin foundation siamna tur bungrua pawh thlan tur a ni. Chungte chu lung, brick, concrete leh reinforced concrete te an ni. Material chi hrang hrang a zirin pillar section lian ber ber pawh thlan a ni bawk. Chuvangin, concrete pillar tan chuan cross-sectional size chu 400 mm aia tlem lo tur a ni a, masonry tan chuan 600 mm aia tlem lo tur a ni a, brickwork tan chuan lei level atanga sang a nih chuan 380 mm a ni tur a ni a, ligation technology hman a nih chuan 250 mm atanga a ni tur a ni.

## Foundation sak a ni

In sak zawh hmain leilung a vawt thuk zawng te, a tul chuan a thlakna tur ruahmanna siam theih nan lei chi leh a awm dan te, leihnuai tui level te hriat a ngai a, chu chuan drainage leh waterproofing mamawhna hriat a ngai a ni. Columnar foundation siam hna hi stage 9 a zawnin kalpui a ni.
1. Inbuatsaihna hna, chu chu sakna hmun tihfai hna a ni.
2. Project ang zela ram plot mark out a nih hunah Foundation marking.
3. Khuar laih chhuah.
4. Pillar siamna tur formwork dahna tur.
5. Reinforcement dahna tur a awm bawk.
6. Pole filling a ni.
7. Grillage siam dan tur.
8. Pillar inkara fence emaw barrier wall emaw an tih siam dan.
9. Foundation tui tlakchhamna tur ruahmanna.

## Point pawimawh tak tak

In hi heaving soils-a sak a nih chuan sak tan tawh chu sawn theih a ni lo. Thlasik atan foundation hrui i dah chuan a deform thei a ni.
Concrete support thar theh tharte chu ni 30 chhung a settle tur a ni. Hemi chhung hian loading hi a tha lo.
Concrete siamna atan chuan M400 brand cement hi a tha ber a, filler atan fine gravel leh coarse sand hman a ni.

Author of the project: Dmitry Zhitov