Te tātai i te maha o ngā rauemi turanga tīwae


tauine tuhi 1:

Tauwhāiti te momo tīwae



Tauwhāiti nga āhuatanga o nga pou turanga

Te tiketike o te turanga A
Te tiketike o te pou H

rahi B
rahi B1
rahi D
rahi D1

Kaho ngā i roto i te tīwae ARM1

Tauwhāiti nga āhuatanga o te turanga

whanui X
roa Y
Tau o amo X1
Tau o amo Y1

Pou i raro i te whare katoa S

Tauwhāiti nga āhuatanga o te grillage

whanui E
teitei F

Tau o nga rarangi o turanga ARM2
Te diameter o te piha ARMD

Te hanganga o te raima

Sima ia mita pūtoru o te raima

Ōwehenga o raima i te taimaha
sima : onepu : kohatu mongamonga
: :

E tomo te utu o ngā rauemi hanga

sima (ia o 50 kirokaramu putea)
onepu (hoki 1 ton)
kohatu mongamonga (hoki 1 ton)
hononga (hoki 1 ton)





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Te tātai i te maha o ngā rauemi turanga tīwae



Tīpakohia te momo o te pou turanga

kia pou ki turanga porohita tapawhā ranei tenei. A ki te taka noa tapawhā wahi matua ranei.

Whakapūtātia āhuatanga i roto i te mitamano

B - Te whanui diameter ranei.
H - Te tiketike o te tinana matua.

A - Te tiketike o te turanga o te tīwae. Ki te te puranga kahore take, ka kore e whakapūtā te rahi.
D - Te whanui diameter o te turanga ranei.

D1 - Te roa o te turanga tapawhā.
B1 - Whanui mo te pou tapawhā.
Ki te a tawhio ripeka-wāhanga kore e whai wāhi ēnei rahi ia.

Ahu tauranga turanga

X - Te whanui o te turanga.
Y - Te roa o te turanga.

X1 - Te maha o tīwae i roto i te whanui, tae atu ki ngā pou i roto i te koki.
Y1 - Te maha o amo i roto i te roa, tae atu i te pito o te pou.

S - Ki te takina, ka tātai reira tīwae, whakaritea taurite i raro i te whare katoa. Ki te kahore, anake pou turanga paenga.

ahu grillage

E - Te whanui o te grillage.
F - Teitei o te grillage.
Ki te kore e hiahiatia te tātai o te grillage nukurau, e kore e whakauru i ēnei āhuatanga.

hononga

ARM1 - Tau o tutaki ngā i roto i te kotahi tīwae.
ARM2 - Tau o nga rarangi o turanga i roto i te rīpene grillage.
ARMD - Te diameter o te piha. Whakapūtātia tonu i roto i te mitamano.
Ki te kore te te ngā hiahiatia, whakaturia nga uara i roto i 0.

Tauwhāiti te nui o sima mo te hanga o tetahi mita pūtoru o raima. I roto i te kirokaramu.
Tauwhāiti te hanganga mo te hokohoko raima, i te pauna. He rerekē i roto i ia take enei raraunga.
whakawhirinaki ratou ki runga ki te waitohu o te sima, rahi kohatu mongamonga me te hangarau hanga. Tauwhāiti ratou i kaituku o ngā rauemi hanga.

Ki te tātai i te utu tata o ngā rauemi hanga, whakapūtā ratou utu.

Ka rite ki te hua, ka tātai aunoa i te hōtaka:
Te tawhiti i waenganui i nga amo tata me te tokomaha o ratou.
rōrahi raima mo te kotahi tīwae, motuhake hoki te tihi me te raro.
Tau o te grillage raima mo.
Te roa me te taimaha o te maha e hiahiatia o takirere.
Te utu o te hanga rauemi mo te pūrere tīwae nukurau ranei puranga turanga ki te mōkihi.
ka hoatu tuhinga he whakaaro whānui me te ka tauturu i roto i te hoahoa o te puranga turanga.


No te pati me nga whare kahore basements, mau fare ki taiepa marama, me nga whare o te pereki, i reira ki te tono i te turanga Unuhia he kore economical, turanga tauranga maha whakamahia. Tona tātaitanga o te take wā-e kai ana, engari ki to tatou tātaitanga hōtaka e kore e tangohia nui o to koutou wa. Katoa e hiahia ana koe ki te mahi i whakakiia te i roto i te mara e tika ana kia rite ki te tohutohu, a ka whiwhi koutou mōhiohio e pā ana e hiahiatia ana mō ngā rauemi hanga, kitea atu ratou maha, me te utu katoa.

whakaahuatanga poto

Pier turanga e te ahua o tīwae, e kua ngā te whakamahi i te grillage. Kei ēnei amo i te pito o te hanganga heke mai, me te pai me te i te pūtahitanga o te taiepa, i raro i nga kawe ranei taiepa taimaha tika, kurupae me ngā hanganga tino. I roto i aua wahi i reira he tiketike rawa te kawenga. Rostwerk ki te whakanui i te turanga tauranga, a ka he piriti tirohanga whakapakaritia i waenganui i nga pou.

turanga tauranga hea kore e whakamahia

Anga atu e kore te tūtohu tauranga turanga te wahi i reira e turanga ranei ngoikore oneone pērā i rei soils paru te wai-kukū ranei. Kaua e tono i te turanga o tenei momo, me te i roto i ngā wāhi kei reira he he maturuturunga poutū koi.

painga

he maha o painga e hanga i taua mea i te otinga tino pai i roto i te hanga o te whare tūmataiti Pier turanga nei. Ko te iti atu i te rīpene papa turanga ranei, te kohi atu economical o rauemi hanga me te utu o tona hanganga, homai iti te na'ina'iraa me te whakaiti i te rohe katoa o te whawhe. tōtika tenei turanga whakakeke te pānga kino o te huka hapahapai o te oneone.

rauemi

Tei runga i te taimaha me te maha o whakapaparanga Whare kia kōwhiria me ngā rauemi mo te hanga o te turanga. Tenei kohatu, pereki, raima, me te raima whakapakaritia. E ai ki te momo o te rauemi kua whiriwhiria me te iti pou ripeka wāhanga. Na, no te pou raima e kore e waiho te rahi wāhanga iti iho i te 400 mm mō aua marae e kore e iti iho i te 600 mm mō te masonry 380 mm ki te he ki runga ake te taumata whenua, a i te 250 mm, ka whakamahia ki te ligation hangarau Zabirko.

Te paturaa i te niu

I mua i te hanga, he tika ki te kitea i roto i te hohonu o te mīti oneone, te momo me te hanganga o te oneone, ki te tika, ki te whakarite i tona whakakapi reira, me te wāhi o te taumata Groundwater ki te tautuhi i te hiahia mō te pana wai me te wuru. Construction o tauranga turanga e wahi i roto i te 9 ngā wāhanga whai.
1. mahi faaineineraa, e horoi i te pae hanga.
2. Tohu i te turanga, ka tohua te whenua kei te rite ki te tauira.
3. Keri poka.
4. Tāuta formwork mō pou.
5. Wkakariteritenga o ngā.
6. Whakakiia pou.
7. Making grillage.
8. Construction o te taiepa Zabirko pera-ka karanga ranei taiepa i waenganui i nga pou.
9. Measures ki te whawhe wuru.

ngā nui

Ki te te hanga i te whare ki runga ki te oneone hapahapai, e kore e taea e tatou e te hiki tīmata te hanga. Ki te waiho pātea te turanga mo te hotoke, e taea deform reira.
Just tukuake i roto i te tautoko o te raima kia noho i roto i te 30 ra. I roto i tenei wā, e kore te tūtohu te uta ia ratou.
optimally tika sima waitohu M400, a rite whakakī kirikiri iti me te onepu pokepoke mō te hanga raima.

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tātaitai koutou tātaitanga tomokanga
māori
E koe kahore tātai ora.
Rēhita tohu e e taea ki te whakaora o koutou tātaitanga, me te unga ia ratou na roto i te mēra ranei.


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zhitov Author of the project: Dmitry Zhitov        © 2007 - 2018
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