Kubara umubare wibikoresho fatizo ibikoresho


igipimo cyo gushushanya 1:

Kugaragaza ubwoko bwa posita



Kugaragaza ibipimo by'inkingi z'ifatizo

Uburebure shingiro A
Uburebure bwa posita H

Ingano B
Ingano B1
Ingano D
Ingano D1

Subiza utubari mu nkingi ARM1

Kugaragaza ibipimo by'ifatizo

Ubugari X
Uburebure Y
Umubare w'inyandiko X1
Umubare w'inyandiko Y1

Inkingi munsi yinzu yose S

Kugaragaza ibipimo bya grillage

Ubugari E
Uburebure F

Umubare wumurongo wo gushimangira ARM2
Diameter ARMD

Ibigize neza

Isima kuri metero kibe ya beto

Umubare wa beto kuburemere
sima : umucanga : ibuye rijanjaguwe
: :

Erekana ikiguzi cyibikoresho byo kubaka

sima (ku mufuka ibiro 50)
umucanga (kuri toni 1)
ibuye rijanjaguwe (kuri toni 1)
Ibikoresho (kuri toni 1)




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Kubara umubare wibikoresho fatizo ibikoresho



Hitamo ubwoko bwinkingi

Izi zishobora kuba inkingi zifite uruziga cyangwa urukiramende. Kandi hamwe n'umubiri nyamukuru uzengurutse cyangwa urukiramende.

Kugaragaza ibipimo muri milimetero

B - Ubugari cyangwa diameter.
H - Uburebure bw'igice nyamukuru.

A - Uburebure bw'ifatizo ry'inkingi. Niba ikirundo kidafite ishingiro, noneho ntugaragaze ingano.
D - Ubugari cyangwa diameter ya base.

D1 - Uburebure bwa base y'urukiramende.
B1 - Ubugari bw'inkingi y'urukiramende.
Hamwe n'ibice bizengurutse, ibyo bipimo ntabwo bigira uruhare mu kubara.

Ibipimo by'inkingi shingiro

X - Ubugari bw'ifatizo.
Y - Uburebure bw'ifatizo.

X1 - Umubare winkingi mubugari, harimo inkingi mu mfuruka.
Y1 - Umubare wibiti muburebure, harimo inkingi mu mfuruka.

S - Niba bigenzuwe, noneho inkingi ziringaniye munsi yinzu yose zizabarwa. Niba atari byo, noneho inkingi ziri hafi ya perimetero yifatizo.

Ibipimo bya grillage

E - Ubugari bwa grillage.
F - Uburebure bwa grillage.
Niba kubara grillage ya monolithic bidasabwa, noneho ntugaragaze ingano.

Ibikoresho

ARM1 - Umubare winkoni zishimangira inkingi imwe.
ARM2 - Umubare wumurongo wo gushimangira kaseti ya grillage.
ARMD - Diameter yo gushimangira. Buri gihe byerekanwa muri milimetero.
Niba gushimangira bidasabwa, shiraho indangagaciro kuri 0.

Erekana ingano ya sima yo gukora metero kibe imwe ya beto. Mu kilo.
Erekana ibipimo byo gukora beto, kuburemere. Aya makuru aratandukanye muri buri kibazo.
Biterwa nikirango cya sima, ubunini bwamabuye yamenetse nubuhanga bwubwubatsi. Reba hamwe nabatanga ibikoresho byubaka.

Kubara igiciro cyagereranijwe cyibikoresho byubaka, erekana ibiciro byabo.

Nkigisubizo, porogaramu izahita ibara:
Intera iri hagati yinkingi zifatizo numubare wabo.
Ingano ya beto kumurongo umwe, ukwayo kubice byo hejuru no hepfo.
Ingano ya beto yo gusya.
Uburebure n'uburemere bw'umubare ukenewe wa fitingi.
Igiciro cyibikoresho byo kubaka mugushiraho inkingi ya monolithic cyangwa ikirundo hamwe na grillage.
Igishushanyo kizatanga igitekerezo rusange kandi gifashe mugushushanya urufatiro.


Kubwogero n'amazu adafite hasi, amazu afite inkuta zoroheje n'amazu y'amatafari, aho bidakwiriye gukoresha umusingi wa strip, umusingi winkingi ukoreshwa. Kubara kwe biratwara igihe, ariko hamwe na gahunda yacu, kubara ntibizagutwara igihe kinini. Icyo ukeneye nukuzuza imirima ikwiye ukurikije amabwiriza, kandi uzakira amakuru ajyanye nibikoresho bikenewe mubwubatsi, menya ubwinshi nigiciro cyose.

ibisobanuro bigufi bya

Urufatiro rwinkingi rufite ishusho yinkingi, zahujwe hakoreshejwe grillage. Izi nyandiko ziherereye ku mfuruka yimiterere yigihe kizaza, kimwe no mu masangano yinkuta, munsi yikoreye imitwaro cyangwa inkuta ziremereye gusa, ibiti nububiko bukomeye. Muri ibyo bibanza aho umutwaro uba mwinshi cyane. Grillage ikora kugirango ishimangire inkingi, kandi ifite ishusho yikiraro gishimangira hagati yinkingi.

Aho bidakwiye gushira inkingi shingiro

Gukoresha urufatiro rwinkingi ntabwo byemewe aho hari ubutaka bwimuka cyangwa bugoye, nkubutaka cyangwa ubutaka bukungahaye ku ibumba bwuzuyemo amazi. Ntukoreshe urufatiro rwubu bwoko ahantu hari itandukaniro rikomeye muburebure.

Inyungu

Fondasiyo yinkingi ifite ibyiza byinshi bituma iba igisubizo cyiza mukubaka inzu yigenga. Nibihendutse kuruta umusingi cyangwa icyapa, ubukungu cyane mugukoresha ibikoresho byubwubatsi nigiciro cyubwubatsi bwacyo, bitanga kugabanuka gake kandi bigabanya ubuso bwose bwishingiro. Urufatiro nkurwo rurwanya neza ingaruka zangiza ziterwa nubukonje.

Ibikoresho

Ukurikije ubwinshi n'umubare w'amagorofa yinzu, ibikoresho byo gukora fondasiyo nabyo bigomba gutoranywa. Ibi ni amabuye, amatafari, beto na beto ikomejwe. Ukurikije ubwoko bwibintu, ingano yicyiciro ingano yinkingi yatoranijwe. Rero, ku nkingi zifatika, ingano yambukiranya ibice ntigomba kuba munsi ya mm 400, kububoshyi butari munsi ya mm 600, kububiko bwa mm 380 niba buri hejuru yubutaka, no kuva kuri mm 250 niba hakoreshejwe tekinoroji yo gutwara.

Kubaka umusingi

Mbere yo gutangira kubaka, ni ngombwa kumenya ubujyakuzimu bwubukonje bwubutaka, ubwoko nuburinganire bwubutaka, nibiba ngombwa, tegura uburyo bwo kubusimbuza, hamwe n’urwego rw’amazi yo mu butaka kugira ngo hamenyekane ko hakenewe amazi no kwirinda amazi. Kubaka inkingi fatizo bigenda mubyiciro 9 bikurikiranye.
1. Imirimo yo kwitegura, niyo gusukura ahazubakwa.
2. Gushiraho umusingi mugihe ubutaka bwaranzwe hakurikijwe umushinga.
3. Gucukura umwobo.
4. Gushiraho impapuro zifatika.
5. Gushiraho ibikoresho.
6. Gusuka Inkingi.
7. Gukora grillage.
8. Kubaka ibyo bita urukuta cyangwa inzitizi hagati yinkingi.
9. Ingamba zo kwirinda amazi.

Ingingo z'ingenzi

Niba inzu irimo kubakwa kubutaka, ntushobora gusubika kubaka byatangiye. Niba usize urufatiro rwubusa kubitumba, birashobora guhinduka.
Inkunga isukuye neza igomba gusigara ihagaze iminsi 30. Ntabwo ari byiza kubipakira muri iki gihe.
Kugirango habeho gukora beto, sima yikimenyetso cya M400 nibyiza, kandi nkuzuza amabuye meza n'umucanga mubi.

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zhitov Author of the project: Dmitry Zhitov        © 2007 - 2018
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