Kubara amajwi neza


igipimo cyo gushushanya 1:

Erekana ubunini muri metero

Ubujyakuzimu H
Diameter yo hejuru D1
Diameter yo hepfo D2

Erekana ikiguzi cyo gucukura

Gucukura (kuri metero kibe 1)
Gukuraho ubutaka (kuri metero kibe 1)

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Kubara ingano y iriba cyangwa silindrike


ingano
Erekana ubunini muri metero

D1 - hejuru ya diameter
D2 - hepfo ya diameter
H - Ubujyakuzimu

Byongeye kandi, urashobora kwerekana ikiguzi cyo gucukura iriba nigiciro cyo gukuraho ubutaka.

Kubara amajwi

Hariho uburyo butatu bwo gutanga amazi murugo rwigenga. Urashobora gucukura iriba wenyine, urashobora gushaka inzobere kubwibi, cyangwa urashobora gucukura iriba mukarere kawe. Uburyo bwose bufite ibyiza nibibi. Abantu benshi bahitamo kubaka iriba kurubuga rwabo, kuko ruhendutse, rirashobora gukoreshwa mumyaka irenga 50 kandi biroroshye cyane gusukura imiterere nkiyi kuruta iriba. Byongeye kandi, gucukura iriba ntibisaba uruhushya rwihariye. Ariko, kugirango ucukure iriba mukarere kayo, kubara bimwe bigomba kubanza gukorwa. Hano gahunda yo kubara izagufasha. Icyo ukeneye gukora nukwinjira mubwimbike bwiriba, hejuru ya diametre yo hejuru no hepfo hamwe nigiciro cyo gucukura mukarere utuyemo mumirima ikwiye, nyuma yaho gahunda ubwayo ikazabara ingano y iriba hamwe nigiciro cyagereranijwe cyo kuyicukura.

Gucukura iriba

Ikintu cya mbere kandi cyingenzi mugucukura kwigenga iriba ni uguhitamo ahantu. Ni ngombwa ko hafi yacyo, muri radiyo ya metero 50, nta bubiko bw’ifumbire n’indi myanda ishobora kugira ingaruka ku bwiza bw’amazi. Ntugomba gutunganya iriba hafi ya metero 5 uvuye munzu. Bitabaye ibyo, hari ibyago byo kwangirika kwishingiro ryinzu kubera gutaka ubutaka.
Ni ngombwa kandi kumenya ubujyakuzimu bw'iriba. Kugirango ukore ibi, urashobora kumenya ubujyakuzimu bwuburyo busa mubice bituranye, cyangwa mbere yo gucukura iriba.
Nyamuneka menya ko gucukura iriba bidashoboka mugihe icyo aricyo cyose cyumwaka. Igihe cyiza kuri ibi ni kuva muri Kamena kugeza muri Nzeri. Muri iki gihe, amazi yo mu rwego rwo hasi, bivuze ko utazayobywa namazi ava murwego rwo hejuru, ashobora kuguma nyuma yumwuzure wimpeshyi.
Igikurikira ugomba guhangayikishwa nuburyo uzakomeza inkuta ziriba. Hariho uburyo bwinshi. Iyi ni inzu yubakishijwe ibiti, isuka ya beto n'amatafari. Bumwe muri ubwo buryo bwo gushimangira bufite inyungu zimwe. Noneho, inzu yimbaho yimbaho niyo ihendutse cyane. Ariko araramba. Ubuzima bwa serivisi ntabwo burenze imyaka 15. Byongeye kandi, igomba guhanagurwaho imyanda buri mwaka. Byongeye kandi, iyo ucukura iriba nk'iryo, inkuta ntizikomera, ibyo bikaba bitera ibyago byo gutemba.
Monolithic beto nibyiza kuko ikuraho kwinjiza amazi hejuru kuriba. Ariko iriba nkiryo rikora igihe kinini, kandi bizatwara amafaranga menshi cyane. Hano ufite amahitamo abiri. Cyangwa ukore ibishushanyo bifatika kugirango ukomeze inkuta ubwawe, cyangwa uzigure. Mbere yo guhitamo icyo gukora, nyamuneka menya ko impeta zometseho uruganda zikomeye kuruta izo ushobora gukora wenyine. Ariko ntiwumve, bazotwara amafaranga menshi.
Kubaka amatafari neza bisaba ubuhanga budasanzwe no gutegura igihe kirekire. Inkuta zigomba gushimangirwa, no munsi yamatafari kugirango zubake urufatiro. Ariko rero, nka beto, amatafari ntabwo yemerera amazi yo hejuru kwinjira mwiriba.

Iriba rimaze kwitegura

Ubwoko bwose bwibikoresho byiza wahisemo, bigomba kuba bifite isuku burigihe. Isuku igomba gukorwa byibuze kabiri mu mwaka, kandi kenshi iyo ibintu byamahanga byinjiye mwiriba. Kugira ngo isuku iriba, amazi ayasohokamo akoresheje pompe. Noneho, kumanuka, dukora inzira zikenewe zo kuvura. Iyo ibintu by'amahanga, sili, umucanga n'umwanda bivanwe hasi no kurukuta rw'iriba, turandura. Kugirango tubigereho, dusasa urukuta rw'iriba hamwe na sima cyangwa koza hamwe ikirundo kirekire hamwe n'umuti wa chlorine.
Iyo iriba ryongeye kuzuzwa amazi, igisubizo cya chlorine kingana na mg 150 kuri litiro 1 y'amazi nacyo kigomba kongerwamo. Amazi aravanze kandi iriba, ripfundikijwe umupfundikizo, risigara amasaha abiri. Noneho amazi arongera arasohorwa hanyuma iriba ryogejwe namazi meza. Inzira isubirwamo kugeza umunuko wa chlorine ubuze.

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Iyandikishe cyangwa winjire kugirango ubashe kubika imibare yawe no kohereza kuri posita.
zhitov Author of the project: Dmitry Zhitov        © 2007 - 2018
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