Mawerengedwe a earthwork pofukula kwa


zojambula lonse 1:

Nenani miyeso mu mamita

Kuzama B
Utali Y
M'lifupi X

Fotokozani ubwino pofukula

Kukumba (1 kiyubiki mita)
Posachedwapa dothi (1 kiyubiki mita)


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Mawerengedwe a earthwork



Nenani miyeso mu mamita

B - kuya kwa pofukula
Y - kutalika kwa dzenje
X - m'lifupi dzenje

Yomanga earthworks - akonzeratu maziko dzenje, kusambira dziwe kapena dziwe, ngalande kwa yoyenda yokha dziko nyumba kuchimbudzi, ngalande dongosolo kapena madzi kanyumba.
Mu bungwe la pofukula ndikofunika kuwunika buku zimakumba.
Mtengo wa pofukula tichipeza pofukula a ngalande kapena pofukula ndi kuchotsa nthaka. M'pofunika kukonza kayendedwe ka topsoil wosanjikiza dziko ntchito m'tsogolo m'munda kapena m'munda. Osabereka wa nthaka ntchito kusalaza malo, maganizo zofunda maziko kapena kuchotsedwa pamalo. Places kwa kuchotsedwa kwa nthaka anatsimikiza pasadakhale.

Kuona kuti mitengo 1 kiyubiki mita wa pofukula zambiri kumawonjezera ndi akuya ntchito. Popeza mtengo padziko akuya 1 mita ndi 1 mita kwambiri ndi zingasiyane ngakhale kawiri. Kupita nthaka zambiri osiyana katunduyo la ndalama. Pofuna kuti lobweretsa zochitika ndalama zingam'vomereze chilichonse chisanachitike ndi womanga.

Taganizirani katundu kuchuluka kwa pofukula kwa formwork pamene kuthira maziko.

Manual kapena backhoe?
Onsewa njira zawo ubwino ndi kuipa.
Pamene ntchito pamanja dzenje mukhoza kupanga bwino.
Ndi otsika mtengo ntchito, ndi wochepa chomaliza mitengo ya zinthu ndi dzanja pofukula zochepa kusiyana ndi pamene lendi ndi excavator ndi zina makina. Kosavuta kukhazikitsa ulamuliro kukula ndi Masamu dzenje.
Koma kwambiri ndalama dothi ndi liwiro la backhoe zambiri Umapeza. Mulimonsemo, zochita zili kwa inu.

Ndondomeko ya earthworks.
Kamangidwe ka dzenje.
Choyamba muyenera awonetse malo mu dzenje kapena ngalande. Kuchita zimenezi pansi zisonga zolumikizira matabwa ndi woonda chingwe akusonyeza malo a ntchito. Kulamulira masamu a anayeza awiri diagonals wa m'tsogolo wa dzenje - iwo ayenera kufanana.

Komabe, ili ndi unprofessional njira ndipo ndi oyenera chodetsa kunkhondo kapena ndi lathyathyathya dziko.

Kuti mudziwe zolondola kapangidwe earthworks otsatirawa matekinoloje.
Pa kamtunda ndithu kuchokera ku dzenje anafuna nakumba matabwa nsanamira, m'magulu awiri (castoffs). Kukhomerera bolodi horizontally, amene kukoka zingwe. Matabwa amayesa kukonza pa mlingo wina ndi mzake.
Kupita zingwe, kukwaniritsa yeniyeni chodetsa. Awa anaponyedwa-offs m'tsogolo ntchito ndi yeniyeni Mzere maziko formwork.

Iwo facilitates ntchito mlingo, theodolite, laser tepi muyeso kapena laser msinkhu.


Pofukula.
Ndi chofooka kumunda kapena ndithu akuya pofukula kupereka ulemu wapadera kwa chitetezo cha earthworks. Pankhaniyi, linga la dzenje kuchita osati ofukula, koma ndi kukondera - kuteteza kukhetsa nthaka.

Malinga ndi pansi pa dzenje mlingo kulamulira ndi njanji motalika kokwanira.

Control masamu.
Pakuti molondola mbali 90 madigiri pali wina phwando. The makona atatu ndi mbali 3:4:5 mamita (kapena ndi mbali zimene multiples wa Chiwerengerochi) Iwo ali madigiri 90 njingayo. Ikani mbali imodzi ya mbali ya 3 mamita, ina - 4 ndi mtunda pakati pa mfundo ayenera kukhala ndendende 5 mamita.

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zhitov Author of the project: Dmitry Zhitov        © 2007 - 2018
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