Muab xam los ntawm excavation los yog excavation


rab teev tsuas qhov yog nqus 1:

Qhia kom meej qhov ntev hauv metres

Le B
Ntev Y
Dav X

Qhia kom meej cov nqi excavation

Khawb (rau 1 lub meter cubic)
Kev tshem tawm cov av (rau 1 lub meter cubic)


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Muab xam los ntawm earthwork



Qhia kom meej qhov ntev hauv metres

B - qhov tob ntawm excavation
Y - qhov ntev ntawm lub qhov
X - dav ntawm trench

Tus earthwork yeej zoo siv tau yog cov fundament backhoes, pas los pas, trenches kom autonomous phwj hauv ib lub teb chaws tsev, cottage los yog cov dej kua system.
Thaum twg lub ntiaj teb-nws tseem ceeb heev yuav tau muab kev ntsuam txawj vynimaemogo av.
Tus nqi los ntawm excavation cov khawb trench los yog excavation thiab tshem tawm ntawm cov av. Txoj kev npaj no tau tsiv mus nyob rau sab saum toj fertile zuj uas ntiaj teb xav siv nyob rau hauv lub vaj los yog lub vaj zaub. Nyias ib feem ntawm kev siv ntau heev rau leveling site, muab lub Foundation lossis txiav tawm rov qab. Chaw rau cov kev tshem tawm ntawm cov av yog txiav txim tau ua ntej.

Tseem nco tias cov nqi rau cov khawb hauv 1 cubic metre feem ntau yuav tsub nrog ua le. Thiaj li nqi ntawm tus nto rau ib tug le 1 metre thiab cov metre 1 thiab le yuav txawv txawm ob zaug. Txav mus rau hauv pem teb ntau li ib kem tshooj. Nyob rau hauv kev txiav txim tsis tau tshaj cov nqi unforeseen, muab txhua yam ua ntej nrog rau lub lag luam.

Noj tsuag hauv qhov ntau thiab tsawg ntawm trench rau nruab formwork nrog gamma Foundation.

Manually los yog excavator?
Txhua cov ncaav tau pros thiab cons.
Yog hais tias koj manually excavated yuav tau meej lawm ntau.
Tsawg-nqi labour quab yuam thiab maub muaj nqi kawg qhuav digging ntawm tes yuav tsawg dua nyob rau hauv taam excavators thiab cov machinery tshwj xeeb. Yooj yim rau koj tswj tau qhov loj thiab ntsuas ntawm tus trench.
Tiam sis, yog hais tias tus nqi tseem ceeb ntawm cov av thiab cov kev ceev ntawm lub excavator nquag khiav. Mam ua muaj li, qhov kev txiav txim yog tuaj rau koj.

Qhuav ntawm excavations.
Layout ntawm excavation.
Ua ntej koj yuav tau kos ib qhov chaw nyob ntawm pit los yog trench. Ua li no, saum nplaim hauv kolyškami lub ntiaj teb thiab nyias cable xa mus rau qhov chaw ua hauj lwm. Tswj lub ntsuas los ntsuas rau ob diagonals txog rau yav tom ntej excavation – lawv yuav tsum me.

Tiam sis, non-kev nov thiab haum rau markup trenches los kuj du daim av.

Rau ntau leej tsim ntawm ntiaj teb tsiv machinery siv lub tshuab nram qab no.
Nyob rau tej kev deb ntawm lub excavation pas vkapyvaût ntoo tuav, ob pawg lus (obnoski). Lawv tsim lawv nruj me ntsis ua horizontally, ceev cov cords. Kev sib sab laj tej laug ua fasten rau ib par nrog neb sib tiag.
Npav txav cords, ua zoo tshaj. Cov obnoski further siv thiab rau setup zoo tshaj ntawm cov shuttering tape Foundation.

Tshua yog lub chaw ua hauj lwm, CROSSLINE, theodolite, laser daim kab xev ntsuas los laser theem.


Backhoes.
Av me me los loj sib pit FA tshwj xeeb kev ruaj ntseg ntawm excavation. Mam nyob no li, cov phab ntsa hauv cov excavation uas tsis txhua lawv nruj me ntsis thiab sloping-kom txhob osypaniâ.

Phab ntsa rau nram qab kawg ntawm lub excavation muaj Ombudsman ntev thiab rack.

Tswj ntsuas.
Lub caij lub kaum loj ntawm 90 degree yog ib kauj ruam. Obsab sibnpaug nrog tog 3:4:5 meters (los yog nrog tus zauv xov tooj ntawm no) muaj ib lub kaum sab xis ntawm 90 degree. Lay rau ntawm ib sab ntawm lub ces kaum ntawm 3 lub meters, lwm yam – 4 thiab qhov kev ncua deb ntawm lub ntsiab lus tseem ceeb yuav tsum raws nraim 5 meters.

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